Skip to main content

Angelina Lumber Company Records

Identifier: F-0001

Scope and Contents

The papers of this major lumbering enterprise were deposited with the Forest History Archives of the Stephen F. Austin State University Library in two groups. The first papers, prior to 1930, came in 1955 and the remainder at after the liquidation of the company in 1966 through the courtesy of Simon Henderson, Jr., and Ernest L. Kurth, Jr. It is one of the largest and most complete collections of company papers to be found in any depository, numbering more than 500,000 items.


  • Creation: 1887-1966

Biographical or Historical Information

Joseph H. Kurth, a native of Germany, came to Angelina County in 1887 where he purchased a small saw mill from Charles Keltys and J. A. Ewing. The next year he formed a partnership with Simon W. Henderson of Corrigan, Texas as the Henderson and Kurth Lumber Company. This, in turn, was incorporated as the Angelina County Lumber Company in 1890, with Kurth, Henderson, Sam Wiener of Shreveport and (somewhat later) Eli Wiener as the principal owners and officers. The company grew despite depressions, fires, and other misfortunes, until by 1912 it was a million dollar operation. From this point the company further expanded and diversified, acquiring related and subsidiary companies and the Angelina and Neches River Railroad. Kurth was an important state figure in Republican politics during the early twentieth century, and was the Republican candidate for Lieutenant Governor of Texas in 1924. The second generation of the families, Ernest L. Kurth, Joseph H. Kurth, Jr., and Simon W. Henderson, Jr., continued the development and expansion of the company into one of the largest and most successful lumber operations in the Southwest. Ernest Kurth took the lead in the organization of the Southland Paper Mills which pioneered in the production of newsprint from yellow pine fibers. The company and its extensive lands were sold to the Owens-Illinois Corporation in 1966. In 1977, Southland Paper Mills was acquired by St. Regis Paper Company.


812.00 Cubic Feet

Language of Materials



This is an unprocessed collection. Portions of it have been re-housed, but not thoroughly enoughed described to be considered processed. There are 1190 boxes and 619 books & ledgers.

Related Materials

Angelina and Neches River Railroad Company. ETRC Business & Organizational Collection. B-20 Southland Paper Mills, Inc. Records. ETRC Business & Organizational Collection. B-55

Guide to the Angelina Lumber Company Records
Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the East Texas Research Center Repository